Once the capital city of the mighty Sakya clan, it was in Kapilvastu's opulent environs that prince Siddharth (later Lord Buddha) spent most of his early childhood. Kapilvastu was the seat of King Suddhodhana, the father of the 'Enlightened One'. The site has been excavated between 1971 and 1977 and identified with the present day township of Piprahwa in Siddharthanagar district. One and a half kilometer away from Piprahwa lies the two excavated mounds. The bigger one, with a thick walled structure was supposedly Suddhodhana's palace.
Chaukhandi Stupa, Sarnath Overview The Chaukhandi Stupa is regarded as one of the most divine and important monuments of the Buddhist culture. This stupa has been built on the exact spot where the great Lord Buddha first met his five ascetics- to whom he later went on to preach his first teachings. The monument has been erected as a commemoration of this significant event that eventually became instrumental in the rise of the religion of Buddhism. The Chaukhandi Stupa is an evolution over burial mounds and serves as a shrine to the great Lord Buddha. Sarnath is a very holy site for Buddhist pilgrimage in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The entire city is a testimony to the Buddhist culture because of the many historical Buddhist monuments that call this city their home. Temples, monasteries, museums, gardens - there are many attractions here that are dedicated to Buddhism and its history, and the Chaukhandi Stupa is one of the most prominent ones drawing many tourists every year. The Chaukhandi Stupa is the holiest and the most frequently visited attraction of all the sacred pilgrimage spots in the entire state of Uttar Pradesh.
Dhamek Stupa (also spelled Dhamekh and Dhamekha, traced to Sanskrit version Dharmarajika Stupa, which can be translated as the Stupa of the reign of Dharma) is a massive stupa located at Sarnath, 13 km away from Varanasi in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Stupas originated as pre-Buddhist tumuli, in which ascetics were buried in a seated position, called chaitya. After the parinirvana of the Buddha, his remains were cremated and the ashes divided and buried under eight mounds with two further mounds encasing the urn and the embers. Little is known about these early stupas, particularly since it has not been possible to identify the original ten monuments. However, some later stupas, such as at Sarnath and Sanchi, seem to be embellishments of earlier mounds. The Dhamek Stupa was built in 500 CE to replace an earlier structure commissioned by the great Mauryan king Ashoka in 249 BCE, along with several other monuments, to commemorate the Buddha's activities in this location. Stupas originated as circular mounds encircled by large stones. King Ashoka built stupas to enshrine small pieces of calcinated bone and other relics of the Buddha and his disciples. An Ashoka pillar with an edict engraved on it stands near the site.